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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

A Cross Sectional Study of Awareness on HIV/AIDS and STDs among Young Adult Population (15-24 Years) of Villages of Anand District

Author(s): U.S. Singh

Vol. 31, No. 4 (2006-10 - 2006-12)

This is a community based cross-sectional study and was conducted from August 2003* to January 2004* in 36 villages of Anand district. The Sample size was calculated by presuming awareness regarding HIV/AIDS about 30%, the sample size came to 323. It was decided to work in 10% of villages of our district and multistage sampling technique was applied. First, by simple random method 36 villages (10% of total) were selected among 365 villages and then each village was divided into five parts and from each part 2 males and 2 females randomly identified for study purposes. A two page structured questionnaire was prepared both in English and local language i.e. Gujarati. The questions related to awareness of HIV/AIDS, mode of disease transmission, its prevention and assessment of health service utilization. EPIINFO package was utilized for statistical analysis.

About 57% of the study subjects were in the 15-20 years and 43% in 20-24 years age group, among them 44% married. Among all those who had heard about HIV/AIDS (76.6%), 85.8% were males and 67.5% females. Twenty two percent correctly knew about the sexually transmitted infections.

About the source of information, television was the main source identified by 64% males and 60% females followed by relative/friend (50% and 58%), newspaper (22% and 21%), literature (18% each), and health personnel (10%and11%) respectively among male and female.

Sexual route was considered most common mode of transmission by 77.2% males and 67.5% females. This followed by infected blood 46% and 11%, parent to child 13% each and infected needle and syringes 57% and 48% respectively among males and females.

HIV/AIDS non-transmission route was known to 52% of literates who had given 4-6 correct answers among all, but it was only 13% when illiterates were asked. Knowledge of prevention was very good as 76% of males and 52% of females had the opinion of having sex with single partner is a most important way of life to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission. Use of condom to prevent transmission from high risk sex was also identified by same no. of subjects. Mostly condom promotion was learned by television advertisement. Proper treatment of STDs is also a way of prevention was identified by 25% of males and 14% of females, among all educated class. Only 10% males and 13% females were looking hopeless by saying nothing can be done.

It was surprised to see the popularity of local so called doctors (Quacks ) as 30% of the individuals still have the opinion to visit them to get treatment for problem related with their genitalia. Most of them (>90%) were uneducated. Among the educated class, 70% were interested to visit PHC and Skin and VD department of medical college hospital. About two-fifths (40%) of them were not interested in doing anything for the infected person. Their is a need to aware people about HIV/ AIDS, so that people can take responsible decision about their well being and keep away from this infection not the infected persons.

U.S. Singh
Deptt. of P.S.M, P.S. Medical College,
Karamsad, Gujarat – 388325
E-mail : [email protected]
Received : 2.6.05

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