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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

Child Rearing Practices of Mothers in Rural Gujarat

Author(s): Dr. S.K. Choudhary, Dr. S.L. Thomas, Dr. Sunil Kumar

Vol. 30, No. 4 (2005-10 - 2005-12)

This community based cross sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area of the Pramukhswami Medical College - Department of Community Medicine.

Out of the total 630 families, 145 families were found to be having children in the age group of 1-5 years. 130 families could be contacted.

without making child wait was seen in 76.9 percent mohters, whereas non-compliance to child's any time demand for food was more common in nuclear families (30%). 17.91 percent mothers resorted to coercive action i.e. scolding and beating when the child messed up with food while eating and almost equal number preferred reproof alone as a corrective measure in the event of bed wetting. Three fourth of mothers pereferred affectionate gradual correction of behavioural problems of children. Recognizing and rewarding appropriate behaviour and dispproval of unacceptable behaviour help children learn from the results of their own behaviour. Allowing the child to play and expore near home indicates mothers concern for safety as well as provision of play opportunity. In this study mothers were significantly more biased against female children. More female children were encouraged to play at home and their freedom was jeopardised (68.8% Vs 85.5%).

Naughty behaviour of child was dealt with punishing physically by more than 75 percent mothers.

Dr. S.K. Choudhary
Dr. S.L. Thomas
Dr. Sunil Kumar

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