Indmedica Home | About Indmedica | Medical Jobs | Advertise On Indmedica
Search Indmedica Web
Indmedica - India's premier medical portal

Indian Journal of Community Medicine

Impact of Health Education on Knowledge about HIV/AIDS among Students of Social Sciences

Author(s): H.A. Khadilkar, P.D. Warkari, V.B. Yadav, S.G. Soundale

Vol. 30, No. 4 (2005-10 - 2005-12)

Acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has emerged as a devastatingly fatal disease assuming pandemic proportions. As more people become Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected and as those already fall ill, the pandemic will wreck an ever more devastating demographic, social and economic havoc1. The vicious cycle of fear, prejudice and ignorance has increased the spread of AIDS, to an alarming level. Due to fear and prejudice, many still do not want to listen, after all AIDS is a killer2.

Therefore awareness regarding HIV/AIDS is crucial for HIV/ AIDS prevention and control. The present study seeks to know the effect of health education on knowledge of the students of college of social sciences regarding HIV/AIDS.

This study was carried out in the students of "Manavlok college of social sciences", Ambajogai, Distt.-Beed, Maharashtra. There were total 61 students enrolled for social sciences course, only 56 students were present on the day first (pretest) interview. Personal particulars and knowledge regarding HIV/ AIDS was collected by direct interview method using standard questionnaire. Post-test was carried out after the intervention in the form of health education session on HIV/AIDS, which included scientific knowledge of HIV/AIDS, like problem statement, mode of transmission, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS. The data was analyzed statistically on the basis of correct responses given by the participants.

The level of knowledge regarding general awareness about HIV/AIDS (Problem of HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS as fatal disease, causative agent) improved significantly (P < 0.01) after health education.

The awareness regarding mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS (unprotected sexual intercourse, infected blood/blood products transfusion, unsterilized needles/syringes/blades, HIV infected mother to child) was improved significantly (P < 0.01) after health education campaign; also misconceptions prevailing about mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS were removed substantially.

The level knowledge regarding diagnosis and treatment of HIV/AIDS is improved significantly (P < 0.01) after health education.

The awareness regarding prevention of HIV/AIDS (condom use, changing his/her high risk sexual behaviour, using disposable sterilized needles/syringes/blades) was improved significantly (P < 0.01) after the health education.

"Education is the only source of all illumination and nothing is more purifying on earth than knowledge". As there is no cure for HIV/AIDS or no effective vaccine to prevent HIV/AIDS infection till date, health promotion through extensive "Information, Education and Communication" to influence the behaviour of groups and individuals is the key element in efforts to limit spread of HIV and it remains the single most important component of National AIDS Prevention and Control Programme of any country.

The attitudes that these further health care providers develop towards the disease AIDS and towards individual with AIDS will ultimately affect their ability to provide competent and compassionate care to AIDS patients3.

The awareness regarding prevention of HIV/AIDS through use of condom was found to be 66.07% in the study; which was similar to the study by Kubde et al4. Non availability of vaccine for the prevention of HIV/AIDS was correctly stated by 51.78% of students; this finding was comparable with the finding of Kubde4.

In the present study health educational intervention improved the overall knowledge regarding general awareness, modes of transmission, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of HIV/ AIDS.

References:

  1. Dobe M. Awareness on AIDS among health care professional. Indian Journal of Public Health. 1995; 39 (3): 105-108.
  2. The Independence : 17th Feb. 1993, Diana, Princess of Wales (1961-1997) wife of Prince Charles.
  3. Bonnie J. Tesch et al. Academic medicine, 1990; 65 (7).
  4. Kubde S.S. et al. AIDS awareness among nursing students, Indian Journal of Public Health. 1995; 39 (3) : 109-112.

H.A. Khadilkar, P.D. Warkari,
V.B. Yadav, S.G. Soundale

S.R.T.R. Medical College,
Ambajogai, Distt. Beed, Pin - 431 517, Maharashtra.
e-mail: [email protected]

Access free medical resources from Wiley-Blackwell now!

About Indmedica - Conditions of Usage - Advertise On Indmedica - Contact Us

Copyright © 2005 Indmedica