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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

A cross-sectional study on quality of life in geriatric population

Author(s): Barua Ankur, Mangesh R, Harsha Kumar HN, Mathew Saajan

Vol. 32, No. 2 (2007-04 - 2007-06)

SHORT ARTICLE

Year : 2007 | Volume : 32 | Issue : 2 | Page : 146-147

A cross-sectional study on quality of life in geriatric population

Barua Ankur, Mangesh R, Harsha Kumar HN, Mathew Saajan
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India
Date of Submission 17-May-2004

Correspondence Address:
Barua Ankur
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim-Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences (SMIMS), 5th Mile Tadong, Gangtok - 737 102, Sikkim
India

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
How to cite this article:
Barua A, Mangesh R, Harsha Kumar HN, Mathew S. A cross-sectional study on quality of life in geriatric population. Indian J Community Med 2007;32:146-7
How to cite this URL:
Barua A, Mangesh R, Harsha Kumar HN, Mathew S. A cross-sectional study on quality of life in geriatric population. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2007 Nov 30];32:146-7. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2007/32/2/146/35659

All the aspects of "health status", "life style", "life satisfaction", "mental state" or "well-being" together reflect the multi-daimensional nature of Quality of Life in an individual.[1],[2] Geriatric mental health problems with respect to the quality of life often remains neglected. [3],[4],[5] Hence, this mental health study was conducted to explore the different domains of quality of Life affected by sociodemographic factors in elderly population.

Materials and Methods

A cross sectional study was conducted for a period of 2 months (March 2003 to April 2003) on 70 individuals, in geriatric age group of 60 years and above, who visited Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital Karkala in Karnataka. The instrument, WHOQOL-BREF [6],[7] was used to assess the quality of life. The translated Kannnada version of this instrument was pretested on a subsample before its use on the study population to ensure feasibility and acceptability. No sapling procedure was applied and individuals in the age group of 60 years and above, who consented to give the interview were included in the study. The interview was conducted in the hospital premises. The data collected was tabulated and analyzed using the statistical package of SPSS VERSION 7.5. independent t-test was applied to compare the mena scores of different variables and the domains.

Results and Discussions

A cross sectional study on quality of life was conducted in Dr. TMA Pai Hospital, Karkala and 70 individuals in the geriatric age group of ³60 years were interviewed. The baseline characteristics of the population surveyed revealed that among the participants in this study, 40.0% were males while 60.0% were females. The age specific sex ratio in the age group of 60 years and above in this study was found to be 1500 females per 1000 males. This is comparable to the age specific sex ratio in the field practice area of Dr. TMA Pai Hospital, Karkala, which is observed to be 1425 elderly females per every 1000 elderly males. Majority (80.0%) of the participants belonged to the age group of (60-69) years, while 75.7% of the elderly were literates. 78.6% of the individuals were married and 21.4% were either unmarried or widowed.

[Table - 1] shows the comparison of sex and mean scores of all domains. The total mean score, as well as the mean scores in each of the 4 domains for both males and females were found to be similar. This difference between the two groups was not found to be statistically significant for any of these 4 domains. The total mean score, as well as the mean score in each of the 4 domains for both literates and illiterates were found to be similar. This difference between the two groups was also not found to be statistically significant for any of these 4 domains.

The mean age of the study population was found to be 65.8 yrs (SD=4.9). It was found that the mean scores of the two age groups of (60-69) years and ³70 yrs differed significantly in the domains of physical ( P =0.004*), psychological ( P =0.001*) and social relations ( P =0.016*). Also, this difference between the two groups was found to be statistically significant for the total mean score of all the domains ( P =0.006*). Hence we conclude thatthe overall well-being was significantly affected for those who were in the age group of (60-69) years. It was observed that the mean scores of the two groups of single and married differed significantly in the domains of environmental ( P =0.012*) and social relations ( P =0.002*). Since, this difference between the two groups was found to be statistically significant for the total mean score of all the domains ( P =0.016*). So, the overall well-being was significantly affected for those who were singles (unmarried and widowed).

References

1. Well being Measures in Primary Health care/ The DEPCARE project: Report on a WHO meeting; Regional office for Europe, the World Health Organization; 1998.
2. The WHOQOL Group. The development of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument (the WHOQOL). In : Orley J, Kuyken W, editors. Quality of Life Assessment: International Perspectives. Springer-Verlag: Heidleberg; 1994a. p. 43.
3. Dey AB, editor. Handbook on Health Care of the Elderly: A manual for physicians and in Primary and Secondary Health Care Facilities. New Delhi: The World Health Organization: Regional Office for Southeast Asia, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (India); 1999.
4. The World Health Organization. Men Aging and Health. The Institute: Geneva; 1999.
5. World Health report: Mental Health: New understanding. New Hope. the World Health Organization: Geneva; 2001. p. 43.
6. World Health Organization - Quality of life: WHOQOL-BREF: Australian version. the World Health Organization: Geneva; May 2000.
7. . Nelson CB, Lotfy M. The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: Psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. WHO (MNH/MHP/99.7), the World Health Organization: Geneva; 1999.

Tables

Please click on image for larger view

Table 1: Comparison of sex and mean scores of all domains

Table 1: Comparison of sex and mean scores of all domains

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